Bialowieza National Park
The beginning of its existence is assumed in 1921, when the "Reserve" forestry was established on a part of the current area of the Park. In 1932, the "Rezerwat" forestry was transformed into the "National Park in Białowieża". In 1947, this unit was renamed as the Białowieża National Park, under this name it functions to this day.
The park covers an area of 10,517.27 ha, which is 1/6 of the Polish part of the Białowieża Primeval Forest. Under strict protection there are 6059.27 ha, under active protection 4104.63 ha, landscape protection is carried out on the area of 353.37 ha. Around the Park, a protection zone is created - a buffer zone, which covers developed forests with an area of 3224.26 ha.
The entire lagging is a protection zone for game animals. Maintaining the proper size and structure of the population of particular species in this zone consists in maintaining natural processes of population size and structure of particular game species by not conducting reduction killings and on eliminating leckers and hunting equipment (ordinance of the Minister of the Environment of April 5, 2011 on establishing the zone protective game animals in the buffer zone of the Białowieża National Park, OJ 2011 No. 85 item 465).
The Bialowieza National Park protects the best preserved part of the Bialowieza Forest - the last natural forest on the lowland of Europe, of primeval nature, which centuries ago stretched in the zone of deciduous and mixed forests. It is characterized by a large biodiversity. In the Park there is, among others 809 species of vascular plants, over 3 thousand species of spore plants and fungi, almost 200 species of mosses and 283 species of lichens. Over 8,000 people were found invertebrate species, about 120 species of breeding birds and 52 species of mammals. The old, original stands of the Białowieża National Park are distinguished by the abundance of dead wood in various stages of decay and the presence of species typical of natural forests. Among birds, we can find here, for example: a small owl, three-toed woodpecker and white-necked woodpecker; from beetles - Perussian Perch, an embarrassing oak tree, it smoulders Kolweński; from butterflies - a profitable flyer, a spider of sphagnum. Many of them occur in a few areas outside the Bialowieza Forest.
The area of the Park is divided into two protective zones: Protected
Area Reserve (area 10242.71 ha), of which: 6059.27 ha is under strict protection, 4104.63 ha active protection and 78.81 ha landscape protection. The area is divided into six protection zones: Dziedzinka (area 2769.97 ha), Sierganowo (area 2303.24 ha), Cupryki (area: 1243.17 ha), Gruszki (area: 1,466.52 ha), Masiewo (area: area 1120.29 ha), Zamosze (area: 137.52 ha).
Protected Area of European Bison Breeding (area 274,56 ha). The entire closed breeding area is subject to landscape protection. It consists of: closed breeding (reserve) - two breeding reservations and the European Bison Show Reserve with facilities as well as free breeding. Workers of the Protected Area The Bison Breeding Center is involved in the restitution breeding of European bison living in the entire Polish part of the Białowieża Forest (about 130,000 ha).
The symbol of the Park is the bison - the largest land mammal in Europe. The Bialowieza Forest proved to be the last refuge for the European bison. This was also the process of its restitution, that is restoring it to nature. Currently, the largest population of bison in the world lives in the Bialowieza Forest. In the Polish part, it has about 500 individuals.
The Białowieża National Park is the only Polish natural object listed by UNESCO on the World Heritage List. It is also the most important - the central zone of the Białowieża Biosphere Reserve.
Objects of the Białowieża National Park
Southeast of the Protected Observation Reserve. The oldest part of the Park (formerly strict reservation)
The most valuable natural object of BPN is the area covered by strict protection, located in the fork of the rivers: Narewka and Hwoźna . Part of this area was part of the Reserve established in 1921, which was the nucleus of the present Park. The area of strict protection, known under the historical name of the Ścisły Reserve, overgrown with a natural forest, i.e. one that has not been planted by humans and grows practically without its interference. It is made up of many species of trees. It's a noble forest. The tourist has a chance to see the entire life cycle of the tree in it: from seedlings to dead trees. Special attention of visitors is returned by a large number of dead trees: standing dry trunks, scrap, and excrescences. It is thanks to him that the rarest species of fungi and animals are found here. Many species living in this area are relics of primeval forests. Due to the significant transformation of most forest areas in Europe, many of them had to give up their natural positions. They still have shelter here.
Practical information: Despite the highest form of protection, in the area of strict protection of BPN, the route "To Dębu Jagiełły", 4 km long , unmarked in the area is available to tourists . It can only be navigated with a guide licensed by BPN, in a group of up to 20 people. The guide can be rented in the Park or in tourist offices in Białowieża and the surrounding area. Visiting this area by bicycle or carriage requires the permission of the Park Director.
North-western part of the Protected Observation Reserve The Youngest Area of the Region (former Protective District Hwoźna)
This part of the Park is mainly forested. In many places they have preserved their natural character. This applies in particular to forest areas in the charming area - Głuszec and Wilczy Szlak. Since 1979, these caves have been protected as partial nature reserves, and after enlarging the Park in 1996 they were within its boundaries. The forests situated on the Hwoźna and Narewka rivers have also preserved their natural character.
For tourists to safely observe wild animals, including bison, in this part of the Park there are two bison refuges: "Kosy Most" and "Czoł" . Each of them consists of an observation platform located on the edge of a forest or meadow. In the main part of the refuge there are brogi with hay. This food attracts bison and other animals in winter, allowing them to be observed in their free state.
This part of BPN is widely available for hiking and cycling, and in the winter - skiing. Over 25 km of hiking trails and 14 km of bicycle routes run through the most interesting parts of this part of the Park. Numerous objects, ie wooden footbridges, viewpoints, information boards make it easier to explore and explore nature.
"Trail Around Uroczyska Głuszec" - red color, 5.5 km long
"Wolf trail" - green color, length 11.5 km
"Carska Tropina" - black color, 4 km long
"Bison Trail" - yellow, 20 km long, through the BPN area, about 3.5 km
- green (longer: 7 km from Narewka to BPN, 12 km in the Park, 17 km back to Narewka)
- black (shorter: 7 km from Narewka to BPN, 2 km through the Park, 9 km back to Narewka)
Practical information: Individual tourists on the northern part of BPN can move without a guide. Organized groups of over 10 people must have a guide licensed by BPN. The guide can be rented in the Park or in tourist offices in Białowieża and the surrounding area.
European Bison Show Reserve
Who, when crossing the trails of the Bialowieza Forest had no luck to see a bison, can see it in the European Bison Show Reserve . It presents a group of bison, composed of an adult male, several females and their offspring. In farms, in conditions similar to natural ones, also elks, deer, roe deer and wild boar live. The attraction is also the opportunity to see a pack of wolves and lynx. The reserve is also a group of tarpana horses, consisting of a stallion, several mares and young. The complement of exposed mammalian species are the bison - hybrids (hybrids) of bison with domestic cattle and wildcats.
The Bison Show Reserve is located on the Hajnówka-Białowieża road, approx. 3 km before Białowieża.
Practical information: The reserve is open every day. In high season (from mid-April to mid-October) from 9:00 to 17:00, off-season, except Mondays, from 8:00 to 16:00.
Education Pavilion next to the Reserve
The main attraction is an interactive educational room with 12 stands, where the main theme is none other than the bison - the symbol of the Białowieża Forest. Using multimedia presentations we will get to know a whole lot of bison facts - there is a bit about history, restitution, ecology, the role of bison in the environment and biology. Touching interactive boards launches spectacular presentations of a given issue. Especially inserting is a multimedia stand that allows you to "feel like a bison" - by moving we put in motion the bison, entering its skin. An amazing impression! The use of technology will allow you to not only deepen your knowledge, but above all, to spend time in an interesting way. All exhibitions are easy to use, additionally educational games and a playground are waiting for the youngest.
Apart from having fun, in the pavilion you will find everything that a tourist will need at any given moment - there is tourist information, souvenir cash machine, vending machines for the exhibition reserve (end of queues!), Cinema for nearly 50 seats and a leisure area with a minibus ( vending machine with coffee, tea, cold drinks, sweet snacks).
If you are curious whether the bison from the bison differs, in what parts of the world you can meet him, what is the role of the bison in the environment and learn to recognize your bison from the lady, you must visit the Pavilion. Admission is free. Visiting hours:
* from April 16 to October 15 from Monday to Sunday, from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm;
* from October 16 to April 15 from Tuesday to Sunday, between 8:00 and 16:00.
The pavilion can be used by individual tourists and games.
When during the autumn stay in the Bialowieza Forest we will have a very rainy day, when we do not want to take a walk in the summer, it is worth going to the Natural and Forest Museum of BPN.The museum will give you an interesting insight into the nature and history of the Bialowieza Forest and the centuries-old human activity in this area. The forest's most characteristic forest communities are exhibited here: oak-hornbeam forests, alder forests, marshy forests, boreal swamp spruce. Underground life in the forest, invertebrates, ungulates and prey mammals and birds are presented. Other dioramas bring closer the world of animals related to the aquatic environment, the role of dead wood in the forest and the richness of mushrooms. In the historical part, we will get acquainted with the work of a beekeeper, sianożciach, wood processing for turpentine and charcoal and the function of narrow-gauge forest railways.
The shape of the floor, dim lights, day and night effects, the sounds of the Forest will make us feel like in the middle of the forest.
The museum also organizes temporary exhibitions.
It is fully open to the needs of disabled people.
Practical information: The museum is open: in the season (from mid-April to mid-October) - from Monday to Saturday from 9:00 to 16:30, and on Sunday to 17:00; off-season - from Tuesday to Sunday from 9:00 to 16:00. The permanent exhibition at the Museum can be visited in organized groups or in groups composed of individual tourists, with a guide or with an audio guide.
The Palace Park, located in Białowieża, was founded at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries around the hunting estate of the Russian tsars. The main object of this residence was the palace, which burned down in 1944. Only the so-called kitchen gate. The palace complex accompanying the palace has survived to this day. The park, with an area of about 50 ha, was designed in the English style by the well-known planner - Walerian Kronenberg. In the Park there is the oldest building in Białowieża - a wooden manor house from 1845. On the causeway cutting two ponds there is a sandstone obelisk - the oldest monument in Białowieża, commemorating the hunt of August III Sasa in 1752. On the hill of the palace grows a group of pedunculate oaks, counting today over 250 years. The Palace Park is protected as a historic park layout. It's a charming walking place, where the atmosphere of old times can still be felt today. The Park is home to BPN, the Natural-Forest Museum and comfortable Guest Rooms at BPN.
WE INVITE YOU TO VISIT BIAŁOWIEKI NATIONAL PARK!
You can find more detailed information and rules for visiting BPN on the website of the Park www.bpn.com.pl
Directorate of the Białowieża National Park
Palace Park 11,
tel./fax 85 682 97 00
tel. 85 681 29 01
Where to stay for a night to conveniently visit the Park?
The Białowieża National Park offers a very good accommodation base, a standard corresponding to a *** (three-star) hotel. Guest Rooms BPN are located in Białowieża, in the center of the historic Palace Park. More at www.noclegi.bpn.com.pl
Would you like to have all the necessary information on your phone?
Now with the mobile application of the Bialowieza National Park it is possible bpn.treespot.pl